Jock Lindsey was a pilot that was often employed by Indiana Jones that was introduced in the opening sequence of Raiders of the Lost Ark. He would later become a member of the Society of Explorers and Adventurers.
History[edit | edit source]
1920s[edit | edit source]
Jock Lindsey was a skilled American aviator and pilot in the early half of the 20th century who frequently worked as a stunt-pilot in air-shows. In 1925 he performed in Bessie Coleman's Flying Circus under legendary and progressive aviatrix Bessie Coleman. On the February 9 of 1929, Jock won first-place in the Midwest Races & Stunt Shows due to his skills in aerial maneuvers. Also in 1929, Jock won the national air-races held in Cleveland, Ohio.
1930s[edit | edit source]
At some point during or prior to 1931, Jock established the Air Pirates Circus which performed stunts and feats of aviation. This club and Lindsey himself were taken into the Chicago Aviators & Aviatrices Flying Club where in 1931 they were given annual stunt-show honours.
Jock moved to Venezuela due to a love for the calm airs of South and Central America however one belief asserts he might have moved due to an aircraft accident. Jock was fairly well liked and made solid contacts for himself in the airfields which he visited while working as a freelance pilot. Jock predominately used his sea-plane the OB-CPO and travelled with his pet boa Reggie.
Jock was frequently hired by Indiana Jones to take him to different destinations around the world in the OB-CPO; the earliest known adventure of theirs having occurred in 1934 when Jones was searching for the Calendar of the Sun in South America. The two however frequently butted heads due to Jones having been a stern and intense man while Lindsey was laid back and care-free. Jones also suffered from a crippling case of ophidiophobia (fear of snakes) due to a snake-related trauma from his youth resulting in him and Jones frequently arguing about Lindsey's bringing Reggie on missions. Also in 1934, Jock was involved with the MacRobertson Trophy Air Race of Australia.
In the June of 1936, Jock took Indiana Jones and his Marshall College affiliate Marcus Brody to an uncharted Tibetan river. On this mission, the three sought after an artifact known as the key to the Tomb of the Gods. During this adventure, the OB-1 careened off of a cliff when encountered by bandits leading the team to disembark. At some point after this adventure, Jock travelled to Shanghai where he spent time in the infamous Club Obi Wan and was robbed by the pick-pocket, "Short Round".
In the July of 1936, Jock took Jones to the jungles of Peru to search for the Chachapoyan Fertility Idol with assistance from a man named Diego. The adventurers were however beaten by Jones' rival archaeologist René Belloq who manipulated the local Hovitos tribe into attacking Jones with him making a narrow escape on the OB-CPO. Jones and Lindsey went drinking in the Python bar of Caracas following this failed mission and later Jock flew Indy to the Himalayas to reunite with his past flame Marion Ravenwood who had a medallion needed to find the Ark of the Covenant.
In 1938, Jock and his Air Pirates Circus performed in Bigelow's Air Circus in Los Angeles, California. Within Bigelow's circus, Jock became acquainted with fellow pilots Cliff Secord and Pancho Barnes. Around this time, Jock also travelled to the headquarters of the Jungle Navigation Company where he left behind his toolbox. In this same year, Jock and Indy would search for the Fountain of Youth in central Florida, frustrating Jones when deciding to stop at the tourist attraction in Saint Augustine. While flying over the sleepy town of Disney Springs, Jock was so inspired by the waters that he would later settle there. In 1939, Jock performed again for Bigelow's Air Circus with Secord and Barnes in Los Angeles.
1940s[edit | edit source]
In the September through October of 1943, Jock and Reggie travelled to the Nile river in Africa and went on several adventures including having been attacked by blowdart wielding natives and shown the world-famous Schweitzer Falls by a skipper for the JNC. At some point in the 1940s, Jock was inducted into the Society of Explorers and Adventurers, an international secret-society of romance, adventure, discovery and innovation. Through unknown means, Jock was left in possession of a statue of the goddess Babylonia which had previously been located in the headquarters of the Adventurers Club on the abandoned Pleasure Island with the Adventurers Club having been a SEA splinter-faction.
During World War II, Jock flew Indiana to Alaska to take reconnaissance photos of the Aleutian Islands where he discovered an ancient Chinese temple. Jones and Jock were attached by a band of pirates lead by Emerelda Vasquez while meeting up with captain Simon Katanga. While Jock, Jones and Katanga managed to succeed over the pirates, it was this job which had Jock start to lose his spirit for high-stakes adventures and wish to settle down. In the January of 1948 Jock, started looking for a place to settle down and then chose to permanently settle in Disney Springs and had a large hangar constructed for himself.
1950s[edit | edit source]
At some point after settling in Disney Springs, Lindsey was wired $500 dollars by Dr. Jones who sent him to Marakesh to track down the Chachapoyan Idol from an unknown party connected to the now deceased Belloq with Lindsey having had succeeded. Lindsey later kept the idol on a shelf within the Hangar Bar for apparent safekeeping. At some point, Jock was left in possession of three, "Voodoo" dolls created by Indian priest Mola Ram in the likenesses of Indiana Jones and his accomplices Short Round and Willie Scott. The previous owner of these dolls was one Trader Sam, another affiliate of Indiana Jones and the Adventurers Club who was entrusted with the dolls for safekeeping. It is likely that Jock either received these dolls c. 1960 to keep permanently or that he returned them to Trader Sam at some point in time.
In 1955, Jock turned the hangar into, "Jock Lindsey's Hangar" with members of the Adventurers Club having joined him in the opening festivities. Jock became well acquainted with the club and its members such as Otis T. Wren and Samantha Sterling who frequented the Hangar Bar in the 1950s. From this bar, Lindsey apparently became acquainted with the town mayor, keeping a private alcohol reserve for him. Other notable patrons of this bar included the likes of billionaire Howard Hughes, industrialist Howard Stark, Pancho Barnes, Indiana Jones, historic aviator Charles Lindbergh, fellow bar-owner Marion Ravenwood, and painter B. Ricci who made a portrait of Jock.
Appearances and allusions[edit | edit source]
Jock's bar contains a number of his personal mementos from his years of adventuring, including material chronicling his and Dr. Jones's Florida expeditions.
On the Lost and Unfound shelf in this restaurant is a toolbox with a note saying that it belongs to, "J. Lindsey". A warning on the box says that it might contain a live-snake.
Connections[edit | edit source]
Several members of the Adventurers Club attended the opening of Jock Lindsey's bar in 1955. Club-member Samantha Sterling is a customer of his.
Cars[edit | edit source]
Jock Lindsey was a patron of the skipper canteen in the JNC's headquarters and was shown Schweitzer Falls by a JNC skipper. The lost & found of his bar also contains a shrunken-head next to several umbrellas, potentially inferring that Chief Nah-mee was a patron.
In his bar, Jock is shown to be in possession of coasters from the South Seas Club featured in the film. A banner for Bigelow’s Air Circus performing in 1938 in Chaplin Airfield, Los Angelos is hung on one a wall with later Society of Explorers and Adventurers member Jock Lindsey having been a part of the Air Pirates Circus which participated in it. A poster for the circus can also be found for an October of 1939 performance which not only featured Jock Lindsey, but also Cliff Secord himself.
Jock's plane the OB-CPO is an allusion to the Star Wars characters Obi-Wan Kenobi and C3PO. In the Disney Parks, C3PO is notably featured in the attraction Star Tours: The Adventurers Continue. Star Tours is further alluded to in the Hangar Bar where there is a salvaged airplane built into the bar with the codes "RTO D-2" and, "RXE 2-4" referencing R2-D2 from Star Wars and RX-24 from Star Tours.
Trivia[edit | edit source]
- Jock in the films was played by professional pilot Fred Sorenson and story-beats in the Hangar Bar reflect the real Sorenson's history. Sorenson opted for a quiet life as a pilot rather than returning to do more films with Spielberg, reflecting Lindsey's relationship with Jones in lore. Fred also saved Steven Spielberg from a hurricane on the isle Kauai with a tribute to this in the Hangar Bar.
- In real-life, Fred Sorenson was born in 1949 and was 32 when he played Jock Lindsey. As Raiders of the Lost Ark is set in 1936, it is possible that Jock Lindsey was born around 1904. If this is true, it would mean that Jock was 34 when he first traveled to Disney Springs, 44 when he settled in Disney Springs, and 51 when he opened the bar.
- Jock Lindsey is similar to the character of Trader Sam from the Jungle Cruise in that they are both bar-keeps that are affiliates with Indiana Jones and the Adventurers Club.
- Jock Lindsey and Captain Mary Oceaneer are the two members of S.E.A. who exist chronologically furthest on the timeline, having both been active in the 1950s.
[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Raiders of the Lost Ark Sourcebook (1994)